Diagnosis & Treatment of Common Sleep Problems: Apnea, Insomnia, Restless Legs & More

Canton Mercy Sleep Lab Accreditation AASMMercy Sleep Disorders Center, accredited by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, provides:

  • Evaluation of sleep problems by board-certified sleep medicine physicians
  • Polysomnographic tests, or sleep study evaluations, performed by registered sleep technologists
  • Home sleep testing for patients who qualify
  • Review of medications / home medical equipment plans, including CPAP machines (continuous positive airway pressure equipment)
  • Regular patient follow-up and education
  • Multidisciplinary team approach, including clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, ear, nose and throat (ENT), dentists, neurologists, pulmonologists and dietitians

Common Sleep Disorders

If you are struggling to get a good night’s rest on a consistent basis, one of these common sleep disorders may be your culprit:

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is the single most common sleep disorder and one of the most dangerous. People with this disorder actually stop breathing, momentarily while asleep – even hundreds of times – without being aware of the problem. With obstructive sleep apnea, the muscles at the back of the throat relax to the point of obstructing the upper airway. During an apnea attack, a person may seem to gasp for breath, and the oxygen level in the blood may become abnormally low. Loud snoring is a common symptom. People with sleep apnea have a greater risk of high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke and other health conditions.

Periodic Limb Movement (PLM)

In PLM (also called nocturnal myclonus), involuntary arm or leg movements cause sleep disruption. PLM tends to run in families and can be treated with medication.

Restless Legs

Associated with PLM, restless legs refers to a “creepy crawly” sensation deep in the legs that is relieved by movement – which makes it difficult to fall asleep.

Insomnia

This is simply an inability to fall or stay asleep. It can be caused by poor sleep hygiene, caffeine, chronic stress and anxiety, antidepressants and other medications, shift work and jet lag. Sometimes people who try too hard to fall asleep can develop negative conditioning, almost like “performance anxiety,” which in turn makes it even harder to sleep.

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that causes people to become irresistibly sleepy at inappropriate times, such as while working or driving. In addition to sleepiness, symptoms include cataplexy, a kind of conscious paralysis.

Parasomnias

These are undesirable physical phenomena that occur during sleep such as sleepwalking, sleep talking, night terrors and REM (rapid eye movement) sleep behavior disorder.

Learn more about these and other sleep disorders >>


Sleep Disorder Symptoms

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness

Often times a person who falls asleep easily is thought of as lazy or bored. The truth is 80% of these people have a treatable medical problem such as sleep apnea, narcolepsy or periodic limb movements of sleep.

Loud Snoring

Although for most people snoring has little medical consequence, for some, snoring causes poor sleep. Snoring may be the first indication of sleep apnea.

Consistently Poor Sleep

Up to 35 million Americans report poor sleep on every night, on most nights or during several nights each month. About 50% of them have physical causes, such as Periodic Limb Movement during sleep or Restless Legs — both of which are treatable. Medical consultation can help improve sleep in most of the other 50% of cases, as well.

Other symptoms:

  • Feeling unrefreshed upon awakening
  • Excessive daytime sleepiness
  • Hallucinations
  • Inability to fall or stay asleep
  • Episodes of paralysis lasting 5 to 10 seconds
  • Sleep walking, sleep talking or persistent nightmares
  • Restless legs
  • Mood change, especially increase in irritability
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