Physical Therapy Technique to Position Muscles and Other Tissues
The concept of positioning muscles and other tissues into a more normal alignment and function utilizing tape, was first initiated in 1973 by Dr. Kenzo Kase. He developed a tape with enough elasticity to stimulate the sensory receptors and help produce the desired mechanical response within the targeted muscle groups. Kinesio Tape was first used with athletes in the 1980’s in Japan. It was introduced in the United States in 1995 with the initial usage also directed towards athletes. Today, however, over 75% of Kinesio taping is used with the non-athletic population. Many therapists have begun to incorporate taping into their therapy regimes.
Within the pediatric special needs population, the concept of retraining muscles to work properly with the use of Kinesio Tape has opened up new ways to exercise muscles while still performing everyday tasks.
Two and three inch sized tape is applied to muscles in specific patterns and with specific tensions based on desired outcomes. The tape is left on for up to 4 days before retaping is required. Reactions to the tape are typically minimal as the tape does not contain latex products.
Kinesio taping can be used for children with a variety of diagnoses including torticollis, cerebral palsy, hypotonia, shoulder/scapular dysfunction, thoracic outlet syndrome, hemiplegia, weakened muscles, clawed toes, and postural alignment issues.